The hottest green packaging and packaging industry

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Green packaging and packaging industry (Part I)

I. The Rise of green packaging

1 The emergence of green packaging

China has produced and used green packaging materials and products since the mid-1980s, among which the most typical are pulp molding and honeycomb paperboard products. In just a dozen years, green packaging enterprises can be seen everywhere except in a few remote mountainous areas. The national investment in this industry has exceeded 10billion yuan, with more than 100000 direct employees, an annual output of hundreds of thousands of tons of pulp packaging, a production capacity of more than 5billion paper tableware, more than 1000 equipment production lines, and a total industrial output value of more than 12billion yuan

2. The development status of green packaging

(1) it is developing rapidly. Due to the pressure of using green packaging for export commodities, the rise of domestic environmental protection undertakings and the support of the government, China's green packaging industry has developed rapidly. More and more environmentally friendly packaging materials are used, the market share is gradually rising, and the technical content is higher and higher. Some products have also reached the international advanced level and have a good market in the international market. The packaging machinery that produces green packaging products also has the momentum of booming production and marketing under the condition of following the transportation, storage, installation and use rules of the experimental machine. However, at the same time, improper packaging such as excessive packaging and false packaging has gradually intensified, which has attracted the attention of the society, and certain measures have been taken to make the packaging gradually embark on the road of standardization. In terms of packaging waste disposal, a few professional packaging waste recycling organizations have been established, and there is a trend of industrialization

for example, Beijing disposable fast food box recycling station was established in September 1997. Part of the recycled disposable fast food boxes are crushed and cleaned by Beijing Baolv plastic processing Co., Ltd. and then granulated to produce various injection molded products; In the other part, Beijing keyvia environmental protection technology center has produced a series of construction, decoration and anti plastic machine industries under the conditions of special additives and proprietary processes. There will be export hot water and frost resistance. One user is looking for a way to replace the glue used for metal inserts - "keyvia jiaoba", which has achieved good economic and social benefits. In addition, the waste of resources and environmental pollution in the development of packaging industry, like other industrial environmental problems, have been paid attention to by the government and gradually controlled with the in-depth development of environmental protection in China. What is particularly gratifying is that the view of green consumption has begun to be accepted by Chinese consumers, and the market of green packaging industry continues to expand

(2) the development is one-sided. In the eyes of the packaging industry and the general public, green packaging is often one-sided understood as the greening of packaging products, mistakenly regarding packaging products made of environmentally degradable materials as green packaging, regardless of whether the production of such packaging products has caused safety problems, pollution and resource waste due to the use of fake and shoddy products, and the reuse of packaging products after use, Therefore, there are some misconceptions about green packaging. For example, paper packaging is always regarded as green packaging, while plastic packaging is placed on the opposite side of green packaging, and even put forward the theory of polyethylene toxicity and the slogan of comprehensively implementing paper instead of plastic. As everyone knows, green packaging considers the impact of packaging on the environment from the whole life cycle of products. Paper packaging does not meet the requirements of green packaging if it is recycled improperly, while plastic packaging is advocated by green packaging if it achieves the goals of reduction and recycling

plastic has the advantages that cannot be replaced by other packaging materials, and a comprehensive ban on plastic will cause greater packaging pollution. However, China's forest resources are limited, and the pollution of papermaking from other raw materials is also difficult to control. It is neither realistic nor environmentally friendly to fully implement the replacement of plastic with paper. And even in developed countries that strictly promote green packaging, plastic is also the fastest-growing packaging material. The main measure to reduce the impact of plastic on the environment is to strengthen the recycling control, rather than unilateral prohibition. Therefore, many important links of green packaging, such as the reduction of packaging materials, the recycling and recycling of packaging waste, have not received corresponding attention. The related green packaging industry is also very underdeveloped, especially the recycling industry of packaging waste is still very backward

(3) uneven development. First of all, different enterprises implement green packaging at different times, and the first to implement green packaging are export-oriented enterprises. Affected by the international market, such enterprises have an early understanding of green packaging and quickly adjusted their packaging strategies. However, enterprises mainly in the domestic market have been slow to respond to green packaging, and have only begun to set foot in green packaging in recent years. Secondly, the development among regions is uneven. The green packaging in economically developed regions has developed rapidly, while the green packaging in economically backward central and western regions has not been paid enough attention and publicity, and the development is slow. In the treatment of packaging waste, the policies and laws of various regions are inconsistent, resulting in the transfer of packaging pollution to economically underdeveloped areas

II. Difficulties faced by green packaging

1 Economic factors restrict the development of green packaging

due to the use of advanced technology and the limited production scale of enterprises, green packaging products tend to cost more than traditional packaging products. Therefore, when competing with traditional packaging products, they do not have price advantages, which directly leads to the disadvantages of green packaging products in market competition. Taking various new green tableware as an example, the disposable equipment investment cost of pulp molded tableware is high (with an annual output of 30million lunch boxes and an investment of more than 3million yuan), most of which are produced intermittently, with a low yield, and the cost of qualified products is at least 0.30 yuan/piece. In terms of cost, vegetable fiber (rice and wheat husk) tableware is dominant among all the alternative products of expanded polystyrene at present, but each box (without cover) is still more than 0.2 yuan. Photo/biodegradable polypropylene tableware is one of the largest substitutes for disposable expanded polystyrene tableware except pulp molded tableware, and its cost is about 0.20 yuan/piece. The cost of cardboard tableware is relatively high, and each (box) is more than 0.40 yuan. The cost of starch tableware is mostly more than 0.20 yuan, while the cost of disposable expanded polystyrene tableware is only 0.07 yuan. It is the price disadvantage that has become the bottleneck restricting the development of green tableware. (to be continued)

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